Cucumber "Mashenka", or "Masha", is the earliest parthenocarpic hybrid of gherkin cucumber. Such a vegetable crop does not depend on the presence of pollinating insects and forms excellent crops both in the open ground and under film shelters.
The precocious hybrid "Mashenka" is self-pollinated and is intended for fresh consumption, and is also in demand for canning and pickling. Its taste and marketability are very high. The hybrid is disease resistant and practically not affected by powdery mildew, as well as the cucumber mosaic virus.
The plant has bright green leaves, average indicators of climbing, six-seven-ovary ovaries. The period from seedlings to the stage of mass fruiting takes about 37 days. The average yield is at least 10.5 kg per square meter of land. The collection is long: from June to early October.
Zelentsy have a cylindrical aligned shape. The average length of the green stuff can vary from 8 cm to 11 cm. The average weight of one green stuff is from 80 g to 100 g. The pulp with a pronounced cucumber aroma is not bitter, crispy, very tasty, with medium-sized seeds.
Advantages and disadvantages
The main advantage of this hybrid form is its high yield. In addition, the cucumber "Mashenka" has the following advantages:
- excellent taste characteristics, lack of bitterness;
- the fruits are aligned in shape, have small spikes;
- parthenocarpic plant;
- getting a very early harvest;
- Suitability for cultivation in open and protected ground;
- high resistance to the most common diseases;
- universality of use.
Hybrid "Mashenka" has practically no drawbacks and, subject to agricultural technology, shows high survival rate, excellent development and fruiting rates.
Cucumber "Mashenka": features of the variety (video)
Cucumbers of the hybrid form "Mashenka" can be grown both in seedling and in seedling method, by direct sowing of seeds on ridges. Seeds show excellent and friendly germination when sowing with and without preliminary soaking.
When cultivated in regions with insufficiently warm spring and a short summer period, it is recommended to plant the cucumber in the seedling method. For this purpose, pre-sowing treatment of the acquired seed material in a solution of potassium permanganate should be carried out, followed by soaking in clean water until the seeds harden.
Sowing in the last days of May is carried out in separate planting tanks, which are filled with soil mixture. The composition of such a mixture should include two parts of garden soil, six parts of quality humus and one part of rotted manure. Prepared soil should be shed with boiling water for disinfection.
Care for plants that appeared after a week is standard. It is necessary to irrigate and maintain optimal temperature conditions for growth and development, as well as humidity indicators in the room for growing cucumber seedlings. It is very important to protect the seedlings from drafts and shading.
A week before transplanting, 20-day-old seedlings should be hardened. Planting should be carried out after the probability of occurrence of return frosts has passed. When transplanting, it is required to preserve as much as possible an earthen lump around the root system. If the weather is sunny and too hot, then in the first three days the shading of the planted plants is carried out.
When sowing seeds directly into the soil, it is recommended to cover the ridges with plastic wrap, which will help to keep warm and accelerate the emergence of seedlings. Sowing is carried out exclusively in warm and well-moistened soil to a depth of no more than 2.5-3.5 cm. Sowing seeds under the film is necessary after the threat of frost, when the soil warms up to 10-12 ° C. Plant development and productivity will depend on further compliance with agricultural technology.
Cucumbers "Mashenka" should be grown, observing the density of planting at the rate of three plants per square meter with a vertical method of cultivation, and no more than five plants in a horizontal way. The main measures for the care of cucumbers are recommended to be carried out in the early morning or evening hours, after sunset:
- plentiful irrigation with warm water - every other day, and in case of too hot weather it is better to irrigate daily;
- fertilizing three times a month using slurry or urea solution at the rate of 10 g per bucket of water;
- systematic removal of weeds, followed by shallow loosening of the soil around the plants;
- tying cucumber lashes can significantly facilitate the care of plants and makes the ripening process more complete;
- preventive spraying of plants with folk remedies, including infusions of tomato tops and onions.
Harvesting is done as Zelentsov ripens. It is very important to prevent overgrowing of the fruit, which can cause significant depletion of the plant and adversely affect fruiting.
Reviews of vegetable growers
Cucumbers of the hybrid form "Mashenka" are very popular among summer residents as a vegetable crop for film shelters. They are preferred by summer residents, limited in the ability to fully care for cultivated plants. This hybrid is very resistant to drought and disease, forms delicious cucumbers without the slightest sign of bitterness, which is ideal for seaming and for salads. Zelentsy are formed very dense and juicy.
How to care for cucumbers (video)
It is this hybrid that is most often grown by vegetable growers who are engaged in mini-farming and grow vegetable products all year round for the purpose of implementation. Despite the regular appearance of new products on the seed market, most vegetable growers are in no hurry to replace the "Mashenka" hybrid with them. Cucumber seeds under the name "Mashenka" - this guarantees a good and high yield, cucumbers that are even and of the same size, as well as the complete absence of empty flowers, which is important in the absence of pollinating insects.