An orchid transplant is not easy, and the flower itself is not easy. When a beginner grower takes up a business, it does not always end in success. The most common mistake when transplanting is a violation of the process technology.
How to transplant an orchid into another pot
Hibiscus or chlorophytum can be transplanted incorrectly, but not an orchid - it will surely die. There are many articles on the topic of phalaenopsis transplantation and other species, but few say that it is most important to choose the right time for the process.
Why should I have a transplant?
After the purchase, a flower can be transplanted into a new pot. The process should be approached responsibly, as this is stress for the flower, and children in the process of work can be damaged. After the procedure, the plants are often sick, the growth of the root system may stop. Therefore, when an adult orchid is on hand, it is better to transplant after 3 years. You can carry out the process in spring, summer, but not in winter.
A plant requires transplantation in several cases.
- The pot has become too small for him. When the root system is not able to fit into it, a transplant is performed. It is important to remember that if orchid care is carried out correctly, the roots, foliage, peduncles grow actively. It turns out that the plant will have to be transplanted into a larger pot in any case, otherwise the level of vital activity of the flower will decrease.
- It is necessary to transplant phalaenopsis, which has children, if the substrate in the pot has outlived its own. Even proper care does not save the soil from changes in acidity, which means that after a while the soil will decompose, which can lead to the death of the root system. Transplanting plants is required depending on the composition of the substrate. The bark is changed every 3 years, moss - every 2 years.
- The roots rotted or the stem of the plant was broken.
Choose the pot correctly
Which pot is better to choose for an orchid? If the reason for the transplant is that the old container has become too small, then a new one should be chosen more. From the roots of the plant to the edge of the pot should remain a distance of 2 fingers. If you need to transplant for medical reasons - the roots have rotted, the distance between them and the edges of the container should not be left.
For beginners in floriculture, for an orchid, it is better to choose a plastic pot, then it will be much easier to conduct plant care - to water, to see if the roots have dried out -. There is only one drawback of the container - its appearance, but this problem can be solved if you purchase a ceramic flower pot and move a flower with the main container into it.
When choosing opaque pots, you need to pay attention to their color. Caring for an orchid that has children is recommended in containers of light colors, since in dark pots the root system of the plant quickly overheats and loses its ability to absorb moisture. When the color of the pot is chosen correctly, the process of forming new leaves, buds and peduncles is much faster, it becomes easier to care for the plant.
Phalaenopsis orchid transplant (video)
How to transplant correctly
If the orchid blooms, children grow up, no need to transplant it. In emergency cases, when a transplant is necessary, you will have to remove the peduncle, and then carry out the procedure. If the peduncle remains after flowering, you can not remove it, the air roots also cannot be removed, and rotten roots need to be eliminated.
The transplant process is carried out using the following technology:
- The bark breaks into separate pieces, soaked in fertilizer for orchids.
- Organic matter must be added to the bark: moss, peat.
- After that you need to choose a suitable wicker container or a transparent pot with drainage holes.
- At the bottom of the tank, a drainage layer is laid, then the crust.
- You can move flowers in containers, sprinkle with bark.
- The bark should be covered with a layer of moss so that the substrate does not dry out, retains moisture.
- Within 5 days, the transplanted flowers should be sprayed, then you can start to irrigate normally.
Rules for irrigation after planting
After transplanting, flowers should be abundantly watered. While the soil is not compacted, it is recommended to do this under a warm shower for 6 minutes, but you need to be careful not to damage the sprouts. You can act differently - just dip the flowers for 20 minutes in a container filled with water. If drying after transplantation was not performed properly, the duration of irrigation will have to be reduced. After a while it will be possible to water the plant as usual.
Immediately after transplantation, you can’t bring an orchid into the light, you should wait a week. At this time, the care of the plant is that it remains in the shade at a temperature of 21 degrees. Putting flowers in direct sunlight is strictly prohibited!
General Transplant Rules
In addition to the fact that in the fall they do not transplant orchids, there are a number of rules that are mandatory.
The best option for the work is considered the beginning of spring. This period accounts for the emergence of new growth. To determine that the flowers began a new growth is simple: a new leaf appears in the middle of the outlet. What else should you pay attention to?
- You won’t be able to transplant an orchid in the summer, because during this period there is heat and the plant will receive additional stress. Care in winter also does not involve transplantation, the plant is at rest at this time.
- If you take care of the plant incorrectly, the leaves may turn yellow and the roots darken. In this case, it is better to transplant the orchid into a new substrate, even if there are flowers on it.
- The plant is not placed in pots that are larger in diameter than the previous ones, unless the previous container has become cramped. In too large containers, it is difficult to care for the orchid, the leaves begin to grow reluctantly, the children do not appear at all. The best option, in which the plant will feel good, is a container with a diameter of 12 centimeters.
- In order for the children to develop well, it is worth using a transparent pot.
- An orchid moves into larger diameter pots if it has developed a powerful green mass, large children and it has become uncomfortable to take care of the plant. But in any case, taking pots with a diameter exceeding 15 centimeters is not worth it.
- A miniature plant, the children of which are also small, should be placed in a small container. A plastic cup with drainage holes made in it is well suited.
We also offer you to read an article about Cymbidium orchids.
Proper Orchid Care (video)
Caring for an orchid that has kids is not easy. The plant needs timely watering, the optimal level of lighting and transplantation, which should be carried out according to the rules.