Cucumber has long been a traditional and familiar vegetable. Thanks to modern breeders, not only new, but also rather unusual varieties regularly appear. In recent years, growing such a type of cucumber as Chinese has become quite popular.
Chinese cucumber was originally grown in China. Such an exotic vegetable has a fairly large number of varieties. Most often in our country, the cultivation of this vegetable crop is associated with varieties "Chinese snakes", "Ill-tolerant Chinese", "Chinese white", "F1-Chinese Farmer", "Chinese long-fruited", as well as "Chinese miracle".
Feature and Benefit
The stems of a Chinese cucumber can reach a length of more than three meters, and their cultivation is not difficult. The length of the fruit of such a cucumber depends on the variety and can be about eighty centimeters. This vegetable crop impresses Russian gardeners not only with its impressive size, but also with its unpretentiousness, productivity, and excellent taste indicators.
Cucumbers of Chinese origin are rarely affected by pathogens or plant pests. It is allowed to grow on ridges of open ground, as well as in greenhouse and greenhouse structures. The plant tolerates shading quite easily, which practically does not adversely affect yield.
A feature of Chinese hardy cucumbers is the need to install supports, which allows you to increase the yield of this vegetable crop and facilitate all the basic stages of plant care. According to most indicators, the usual agricultural practices are applied to Chinese cucumbers, which consist in regular weeding, watering and top dressing.
The fruiting period is quite extended and ends with the onset of the first significant frosts. The taste that characterizes Chinese cucumber is extremely delicate, with a slight sweetness and a very pleasant aroma, a bit similar to watermelon. It should be remembered that there is one feature that can complicate the cultivation of this vegetable.
Soil depletion and lack of nutrients have a very negative effect on the growth and development of Chinese cucumbers:
- the lack of nitrogen components in the soil can give the formed fruits hook-like;
- lack of boron can make cucumber fruits very thin;
- the lack of potassium substances in the soil provokes the receipt of the fruits of Chinese pear-shaped cucumbers;
- the restriction in the planting soil of calcium will make Chinese cucumbers small and practically tasteless.
The maximum yield is obtained when growing cucumbers from the Middle Kingdom in greenhouse constructions. Most varieties of Chinese cucumber belong to the parthenocarpic category, but with improper cultivation, pollination can occur with varieties growing nearby. From mass seedlings to the fruiting stage, about three weeks pass.
The cultivation of such cucumbers in our climatic conditions is very promising, but it should be borne in mind that the fruits of this vegetable crop wilt very quickly and it is advisable to use the harvested crop as soon as possible.
- "F1-Emerald Stream";
- "F1-Chinese Miracle";
- F1 Boa
- "F1-White Delicacy."
Features and landing pattern
Proper and maximum quality soil preparation becomes the key to obtaining a high and high-quality crop. Landing soil consists of two layers. The lower layer is represented by fresh manure with straw and foliage. For the upper layer, it is advisable to use fertile humus. Such a composition is optimal, and even slight deviations from such a composition do not adversely affect yield.
The absence of a significant amount of lateral shoots allows for a denser planting of this vegetable crop. It is recommended to cultivate such long-cucumbers through seedlings. Growing high-quality seedlings of Chinese cucumbers does not differ significantly from growing traditional cucumber seedlings.
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Preplant seed preparation consists of keeping the seeds in a weak solution of a pharmaceutical potassium permanganate, followed by drying and dusting with trichodermin. The standard planting scheme includes one cm deepening of the seeds. For the formation of the first shoots, the optimal temperature indicator is thirty degrees of heat. Seedling care is a fairly rare watering and spraying. You should control the temperature at twenty-two degrees.
A transplant into a greenhouse or on ridges of open ground should be performed with thirty-day seedlings, which have at least three strong and developed true leaves. The optimal number of true sheets cannot be less than nine. The standard height of strong plants does not exceed half a meter, and the submucosal knee has a length of five millimeters.
Landing on ridges involves the implementation in the middle of the landing area of a groove with a depth and width of thirty centimeters. The groove should be filled with pine bark or straw with fertilizer and covered with fertile soil. The root system of Chinese cucumbers is very responsive to aeration, which allows you to bring sawdust into the landing ridge. Cucumber seedlings on the ridges are placed according to the scheme of 20 x 25 centimeters.
Like any other type of cucumber, long-fruited Chinese should be watered twice a week, as well as daily spraying with warm water. A good result is shown by foliar top dressing of plants with a urea solution. A significant part of the flowers on this vegetable crop is female-type, which allows you not to worry about doing pollination.
Do not forget about the formation of the stem, which consists in removing the five lower lateral shoots. Long stems need to be tied to the strongest trellis or other supporting elements. All substandard fruits, as well as yellowed or strongly thickening leaves, must be removed.
For top dressing, high-quality complex fertilizers are used. The feeding scheme is prescribed by the manufacturer in the instructions attached to the fertilizer.
Diseases and Pests
Despite the fact that the Chinese cucumber is quite an exotic vegetable crop, it, like any cucumber, has to deal with various plant pests and diseases.
Most often, the Chinese variety of the popular vegetable crop is affected by the following pests and pathogens:
- spider mite sucking plant juices;
- using leaves, young shoots, buds, flowers and ovaries of gourd aphids for food;
- a dangerous disease of gourds powdery mildew;
- a very common and harmful disease of fungal anthracnose;
- the disease of bacteriosis affecting the seedlings, leaves, flowers and fruits of Chinese cucumbers.
In addition, with errors in the care and non-compliance with the optimal microclimatic conditions, when growing such a variety of cucumbers, one may encounter the following problems:
- root rot or fusarium;
- gray rot;
- rapidly progressing brown spotting;
- ordinary cucumber mosaic;
- cucumber mosquito and sprout fly.
Proper harvesting and storage
Chinese cucumbers are harvested daily. Immediately after collecting the beds, it is necessary to pour plenty of warm water. To pick cucumbers, you should choose morning or evening. You can maximize freshness by placing the fruits in a cool place.
Review of white Chinese cucumbers (video)
The Chinese variety of cucumbers has some disadvantages that should be considered when choosing seed material. In addition to the fact that the fruits of this culture are characterized by poor keeping quality, a significant part of the varieties has exclusively salad purpose and is characterized by insufficient germination. In addition, untimely tying of the stem part can cause the growth of an ugly, absolutely non-marketable type of fruit. However, proper agricultural technology allows you to get high productivity, which can reach thirty kilograms from each cucumber bush.