Zemklunika (Fragaria) belongs to the family berry. It incorporates the qualities of strawberries and strawberries. The fruits are large and aromatic, and the plant itself is very unpretentious and is winter hardy. Consider what plant varieties exist and what are their features.
What are the benefits of berries
Zemkulniki berries - a delicious dessert. You can consume them both fresh and in the form of mashed sugar. Mashed potatoes can be frozen, it will not lose useful properties. Fruits have a huge number of beneficial properties. In view of this, they help treat various diseases - arthritis, hypertension, rheumatism, gout. Of course, it is not possible to completely recover only with the help of berries, but some unpleasant symptoms will definitely disappear.
The best part is that the fruit does not rot. In the worst case scenario, they will simply dry out. By this, the dredger resembles a jiru. Her berries also just dry up, turning into raisins.
At the moment, there are many varieties of dredges:
- Nadezhda Zagorye;
- Candied nutmeg;
- Biryulevskaya Muscat;
- Report and others.
From one bush you can get up to 400 grams of fruit. This is equivalent to a crop obtained from one bush of ordinary strawberries.
A good harvest is distinguished by such dredges as Anastasia and Kroshka. Both varieties were bred in Bryansk.
Particularly noteworthy is Zemkulnik Kupchikha. It's all about big, very aromatic fruits. The taste of berries is also admirable. Ripening occurs in June-July.
In appearance, the presented dredger is similar to an ordinary garden strawberry. The same white flowers, compact rosettes, triple leaves. But in terms of the number of flowers, the variety is far ahead of all the others. Up to 25 peduncles are formed - up to 250 flowers.
The first harvest is the largest - the berries reach a size of 6 cm, and their weight is up to 20 g. Then the fruits are finer, but their taste qualities remain the same. Berries do not boil, the syrup turns dark and fragrant.
Which grade to choose
Variety Nadezhda Zagoria is a tall bush. The flowers are bisexual, pollination does not require. Ideal for amateur gardening. Productivity is high - more than 300 grams per bush.
The strawberry variety is good in that its flower stalks are straight and thick, as a result of which the berries rise high and are not affected by gray rot. The disadvantage is that flowers are same-sex, so they need a pollinator variety. The average yield is 200 grams per bush.
Interesting Penelope variety. The bush is medium-sized. The yield is plentiful. The variety is resistant to powdery mildew. There is no need for a pollinator.
Zemklunika Raisa has large fruits. From the bush an average of 350 grams is obtained. But sometimes you can get all 400.
Biryulevskaya Muscatnaya is a medium-sized shrub. Berries are great for processing. The maximum weight of the berry can reach 20 grams. The crop is stable, medium.
Zemklunika Tsukat Muscat is resistant to pests and diseases. You can just plant a bush and forget. Productivity reaches 250 grams per bush.
The report is a powerful bush. Peduncles do not bend under the weight of the crop. You can collect more than 200 grams from a plant.
Diana is a tall bush with berries, the mass of which is 20 grams. The average yield is up to 250 grams.
Choose a place
The main condition for obtaining a good harvest is an open, well-lit area. If there is at least partial shade, very few fruits will be tied, while they will not be so fragrant and sweet. In this case, the berries ripen 2 weeks later. However, in partial shade, you can arrange those plants that you do not intend to carefully care for. For example, if you are not going to constantly sit in the country. In partial shade, the soil retains moisture better, and in drought, the crop has more chances to survive. Of course, the berries in this case will be small, but more even. And the harvest will last 2 weeks.
First of all, it is necessary to properly prepare the soil. For this, dressing is introduced in the form of mineral and organic fertilizers. You will need:
- 200 grams of ash;
- 5 kg of manure;
- 20 grams of superphosphate and ammonium nitrate.
The calculation is made per 1 square meter. Simple mineral fertilizers can be taken as nitroammofoski and nitrofoski - about 60 g per square meter. Next, the soil is carefully dug up.
Dredged either in spring or closer to autumn. In this case, the first option is considered optimal.
The growth point should not be too deep or too close to the surface of the earth.
Since the bush is formed quite lush, plants should not be planted close to each other. The distance between them should reach 40 cm. Landing occurs either in a checkerboard pattern, or on two ridges. The bush should be well lit.
How to care
Zemklunik requires careful care. An important role is played by feeding. There are three periods in which fertilizing is a prerequisite:
- before flowering;
- during flowering;
- after the beginning of fruiting.
Compliance with the rules provided will provide you with a good harvest next year. In autumn, it is required to cover plants for the winter, but only if the earth is bare. If there is snow, there is no need to worry about it. As a shelter used lapnik. It perfectly retains heat and snow.
However, dredging has a number of disadvantages. So, a mustache is often formed on it. They must be deleted. Sometimes the fruit may be affected by gray rot. Often the disease is noted in areas with high humidity. However, compared with strawberries, the inconvenience presented is much less common. And the biggest minus is the relatively low weight of the berries.
Propagation of the plant occurs with the help of a mustache, the seeds are not necessary. The whiskers themselves creep, form daughter rosettes and strengthen in the ground. But it is important to trim in time, otherwise the dredger will fill the entire garden. For reproduction, a young mustache with sockets, where there are already 3 leaves, is suitable. Fully formed bushes can be simply divided into several small ones. Berries are very useful in microelements and vitamins. They can be eaten fresh or made jam. Fruits are great for freezing. Then you can mash them.
The fruits of dredging are harmful only to those people who have an individual intolerance to the product. It is not recommended to use berries for food for those who have gastrointestinal problems. Among other things, it is worth restricting the intake of berries to people suffering from caries, cystitis and urolithiasis.
Zemklunik is a plant that combines the qualities of strawberries and strawberries. There are many varieties of plants, which means that you can choose the right one for your conditions. The main rule for a rich harvest is good illumination. Reproduction takes place with a mustache, but if you really want, you can just plant the seeds.