Common Heather (Callúna vulgáris) - a plant belonging to the genus Heather (Calluna Salisb.) And the Heather family. Garden heather is a popular and fairly common shrub, often grown in the urban landscape and in the country.
Description of common heather
In our country, a wild heather bush is a plant that is often found in the European part, as well as in the west and east of Siberia, where it forms vast thickets called heathlands. The evergreen has a highly branching stem part. The foliage is quite small, trihedral, without a petiole.
Small flowers in an amount of five to several dozen are combined into inflorescences of a racemose or umbrella type. Blooming attractive, purple-pink flowers. Reproduction is mainly seed. It is important to notethat even blooming heather perfectly takes root in the garden, does not require special care, has drought tolerance and grows well in the shade, which allows it to be planted as an unpretentious decorative-flowering plant in areas unsuitable for growing other crops.
Other plant species
Almost all groups and varieties related to common heather are characterized by absolute unpretentiousness and high decorativeness, which makes this plant very popular and in demand in modern landscape design. Currently, there are about three hundred varieties of heather, which differ in height, aerial parts, as well as the shape and coloring of foliage and flowers.
Signs and superstitions
In our country, it is believed that white heathers are symbols of love, hope and kindness. It is white-flowered varieties that are preferable to grow in a private landscape. A in Sweden heathers are forbidden flowers, and it is believed that this shrub plant attracts death to the house.
Useful properties of heather (video)
About the benefits of heather
Common heather is characterized by the presence of useful properties in all parts. Foliage is rich:
- Phenol carboxylic acid;
- Citric and fumaric acids;
The stem part of the plant contains leukoanthocyanidins that can reduce the level of permeability of the walls of the capillaries. The root system and shoots contain protoanthocyanidins, which have a powerful antioxidant effect. In the flowers there is a sufficient amount of vitamins and minerals, as well as steroids and pigments.
The healing properties of the plant
A large number of therapeutic properties of common heather is widely used not only in folk, but also in traditional medicine, due to the following properties:
- Wound Healing
The use of heather ordinary in the following diseases:
- Diseases of the gastric and intestinal tract;
- Inflammatory processes of the mucosa;
- Stones and sand in the kidneys;
- Exacerbation and unstable remission of pyelonephritis;
- Exacerbation of cystitis;
- Diseases of the prostate gland.
Heather tea has a diaphoretic, calming property, and also promotes sputum discharge for colds and pulmonary diseases. High efficiency is noted as a diuretic and in purulent inflammatory processes in the organs of urination.
How to plant heather (video)
Preparation and use of heather honey
Traditionally heather honey is used in the preparation of meat dishes. Despite the fact that this honey looks like any other flower honey, the high content of vitamins and minerals allows it to be attributed to the category of highly useful beekeeping products. One tablespoon of such honey contains about 110-111 Kcal, and a teaspoon contains about 36-37 Kcal. Indications for use:
- heartburn, diarrhea and loss of appetite;
- cleansing wound surfaces;
- bronchial asthma;
- diseases of the gastric mucosa;
- intestinal disorders;
- bladder and kidney disease;
- stress and insomnia;
- neurasthenia and irritability
Heather honey is used not only inside, but is also widely used for external use.
Features of planting and care in the open ground
Planting heather of any variety in the open ground is carried out in accordance with the following technology for growing decorative crops:
- it is preferable to set aside areas represented by peat and mixed sandy soils for planting, but the plant is unpretentious, therefore it grows well also on poor, not very fertilized and acidified, but quite loose soils;
- it is best to plant seedlings in the spring, on quickly drying and sunny areas without excessive moisture, without deepening the root neck;
- after planting, the plant needs abundant watering and mulching of the soil in the near-stem circle.
Recently planted plants need to be watered with a little acidified water a couple of times a week. Culture does not need top dressing. After the buds open in the spring, pruning is performed. For winter, shelter with fir spruce branches may be required.
Options for use in garden decor and rules for combining with plants
Heather is very often used by landscape designers as a complement to other decorative cultures., and as the basis for a decorative undersized composition. A feature of many varieties is the presence of leaves of unusual reddish, golden and silver-gray staining, so the plant retains its decorativeness throughout the season.
Variety variety allows you to successfully combine this decorative culture with other plants, creating an attractive garden decor of different flowering periods. Heather harmoniously combines with flowering and ornamental-deciduous crops, as well as complements conifers. Especially popular is the culture when decorating dwarf gardens in an oriental style.
Why dry heathers (video)
In order to grow a beautifully flowering and decorative heather, the plant must be properly looked after at all stages of growth and development, watering and feeding, as well as timely treatment of plant parasites and diseases.