Creating a beautiful garden design is a task that excites any gardener. Often used flowers of different shades, heights and shapes. However, besides them beautiful touches are made by the garden green itself. And very few plants allow you to decorate the site with beautiful, wide leaves. One of them is the host, which can be used both in combination with other colors, and separately.
Benefits of Using a Host for Garden Decor
Hosts (fungi) are quite popular plants that can often be found in the garden. The secret to their widespread use is as follows:
- Unpretentiousness in cultivation - these flowers do not require any special conditions of detention or soil components.
- The plant is a true long-liver - it grows and successfully blooms in the country for 20 years, and sometimes more.
- No wonder the host is considered the queen of the shadow - she prefers penumbra or even very shaded places, so you can use it in almost any part of the garden.
- The greens can have a different shape (round, in the form of hearts, narrowed) and the nature of the surface (smooth, wrinkled, matte, corrugated, etc.), therefore it goes well with a variety of colors.
- In addition to garden design, hosts (especially their green part) are used in creating beautiful floral bouquets.
- Plant varieties are extremely diverse in stem height (some grow up to 19-20 cm, others can rise up to a meter). Thanks to this, you can create a variety of floral arrangements.
Important! Since the hosts live and decorate the site for a very long time, the summer residents initially carefully determine the place where the plant will feel most comfortable. To do this, you can plant 2-3 identical flowers in places with noticeably different conditions (shadow, soil, level above the ground) and see after a year where the flowers have the greatest brightness and where the greenery grows the most.
Choosing a place and optimal conditions for growing
Choosing a place for a flower is very important, because it is supposed to plant it not for 1 season, but for a long time. It is better to take care of the growing conditions in advance, given the following rules:
- Different varieties of "Queen of the Shadows" have a common property: they like shaded conditions with inconstant sunlight. Therefore, their flower beds are often located near garden trees or farm buildings. The fact is that if you plant flowers in an open area, then a strong sun can adversely affect the coloring of greenery - over time it will become paler, burns may also appear.
- Hosts love moisture, so it will be optimal to plant them in the lowlands of the garden, where moisture will accumulate after heavy rains, or near artificial ponds. If the summer is dry, then you will need to water often and plentifully - the flowers do not develop well on dry soils.
- Plants need to be planted only on well-dug soil. Large land stones must be broken. If weed rhizomes are found, they should be removed.
Important! Make a decision about the choice of place, taking into account the characteristics of a particular sort of hosts. For example, varieties with saturated green leaves like a strong shadow, and plants with yellow-orange shades of green prefer half-shading. For them, the best option would be a place that is well lit in the morning and almost completely goes into the shade during the day.
How to plant host (video)
Hosts in solitary landings
One of the features of the hosta, which distinguishes it from many other ornamental plants, is that it is completely self-sufficient in order to use it in individual plantings. Such landings are also called tapeworms. For this method of decor, varieties with large bushes and bright greens, contrasting with the general background of the garden, are suitable.
Tapeworm landing hosts can be used for the following purposes:
- seating in the corners of the garden to indicate natural boundaries;
- Seating on the heights allows you to visually make the host even larger, which emphasizes its flowers especially well;
- finally, an excellent option for tapeworm planting - half-empty places where there are no other plants nearby; thus, not only fill the void, but also highlight the funky flowers.
Important! When making such a planting, you need to prepare the soil well - it is advisable to make the site level and plant small greenery on it to create a beautiful background on which the dark foliage of the plant will successfully contrast.
Options for using a host in landscape design
A variety of varieties allows you to successfully fit them into gardens with a variety of designs. From flowers you can create as classic flowerbeds, still plant them in combination with other plants or create whole multi-tiered compositions that well organize the interior space of the site. It all depends on the ideas of the gardener. At the same time, the height of the plant is of great importance - large ones often sit alone, and small ones serve as the basis of the flower arrangement. Here are just a few design moves that can be used when landing the host:
- Planting small bushy hostas (in height not more than 20-25 cm) with a continuous strip is well suited for emphasizing the slopes in the corners of the garden, as well as for rockeries (small rocky flower beds of various shapes). Such low species are also called groundcover - they perfectly hide the soil and create the effect of a green root. Also in the shade of their thick leaves from a lack of light, some weeds die
- Varieties with a height in the range of 28-30 cm are well suited for creating green borders. They can be planted both around the perimeter of the garden, and at the internal borders that separate one group of flower plants from others.
- Hosts with an average stem height (up to half a meter) are often used to create compositions with other varieties or other crops. They well emphasize tall and medium-sized plants (especially lilies and gladioli).
- Taller plants (from half a meter to 60-70 cm) are often used for planting along ponds and garden paths. They create a framing effect that visually highlights the tracks. Also form a background for higher colors.
- The highest hosts are used in solitaire landings, as mentioned above. They also harmoniously fit into rock gardens - among large stones, an image of a large branchy tree growing in the mountains is created. In addition, against the background of light stones, the plant successfully contrasts due to its dark greenery.
- A flower bed from a host can be created both from plants that are uniform in height and from different plants. The latter option is often more interesting, since you can rent a multi-tiered composition with a gradual increase in height from the edges to the center. This allows you to feel the effect of movement and organize the space of the flowerbed, on which you can plant other flowers.
What does the host combine with: choosing plant partners
Along with many of the advantages considered, the host has one more thing: it does not compete with other plants and gets along well with most of them. The only exceptions are those who love the abundance of light. For example, roses require a lot of sun, and hosts, as already mentioned, prefer partial shade or even strong shading, so they are not grown together.
Among the remaining colors, the function goes well with the following:
She can not only favorably emphasize their bright flowers, but also show her beautiful sides due to the contrast of greenery (for example, against the background of bright green ferns).
Hosts in the garden (video)
Compositions from host and other plants
When creating compositions, it is important to consider not only the design of the future flowerbed, but also the coincidence in terms of growing conditions (plenty of moisture and shelter from direct sunlight)
Flower beds with geyhers and hosts
Composition of hosts with a geyhera is one of the most successful options of its kind. This is due to the fact that the heichera has flowers of gentle light shades (from white to red). They stand out well thanks to the juicy dense greens of fungi. When creating a composition from these cultures, it is important to consider that the heichera grows to a height of half a meter, so it can be planted in various combinations with a short host. If the choice fell on large and tall hosts (from 80 cm to a meter), then they always need to be planted in the background so that the heichera does not get lost in their bushes.
Hosts in combination with astilbe
Astilba and the host are related by a love of shadow, which is why they are often used together to create compositions. The options for their use are limited only by the gardener's imagination. Here are just a few of them:
- Create a beautiful framing of the garden with alternating host and astilbe.
- Making a composition of flowers to create a border along the paths or ponds of the garden.
- A great option is a circular composition around a shady garden tree that will fill the empty space under it.
- Finally, such compositions are often used to frame a lawn with even greens in bright colors.
Other flower arrangements
Hosta fits into flower beds and other types of compositions with many plants, because varieties have different stem heights.
Basically, design moves are based on 2 ideas:
- Contrasting bright colors against a background of dark green hosts - gladioli, lilies, irises, delphiniums. The plant also contrasts well against the background of soft green greens (small vegetation on the lawns, ferns).
- Creating multi-tiered compositions with elevations due to host and other plants. For example, the same gladioli can be in the background, and right in front of them grow small varieties of hosts. This will create the effect of moving up due to the tier and shape of the flowers of gladioli.
You can apply funkia in a variety of options, since there are many types of plants, and each of them differs in its features. At the same time, caring for the plant will not be difficult, so the host is the choice of many gardeners, both among amateurs and professionals.